What is a Trojan? Is It Virus or Malware? GRIDINSOFT TEAM
Such an instructive story cannot get a reflection in the modern environment. People often use the name “Trojan virus” for malware that injects into the computer under the guise of a “horse” - a legit program or utility. History repeats itself constantly, and this is just an example.
What is the Trojan virus?
As you have already understood, the trojan virus is a kind of malware that disguises itself as legitimate. In some cases, crooks may try to hide their virus as a keygen or system hacking tool. Sometimes the virus may get on your PC as a “system update”. But let's classify the possible shapes of the trojan virus first.
Computer trojan horses may contain any sort of virus. The only question is how to disguise something massive to avoid the situation when the user uncovers the fraud before it becomes effective. That’s why most trojans have the functionality of trojan downloaders: it is easier to stealthily modify the system and then inject the viruses, then inject them all into an unprepared PC, and hope that they all will work properly.
Another often case is when the trojan contains spyware or a stealer. These viruses are similar but serve different purposes: spying on the whole system or stealing specific files or passwords. The famous disguise for these viruses is online trackers: such a status allows the virus to use internet connection and location data legitimately. Nonetheless, there are a lot of examples when well-known applications were able to spy on their users. All such cases usually raise a substantial public response, so you will barely miss that case.
In sporadic cases, trojan viruses have adware functions. In that situation, the sign of virus presence is an advertisement storm, which appears on all websites you browse. Moreover, you will also spectate that your web browser opens autonomously, with the advertising page in it. Such software is usually described as a potentially unwanted program (PUP) since it can carry natural functions besides malicious ones.
Latest trojans activity:
- In August, the updated Qbot Trojan first entered the top of the most widespread malware
- BlackRock Trojan steals passwords and card data from 337 applications on Android OS
- Fake COVID-19 contact tracking apps install banking trojans
- Xhelper Trojan remains on the device even after resetting to factory settings
- Trojan Emotet is trying to spread through available Wi-Fi networks
How dangerous is the trojan virus?
The same shell that surrounds the virus deals low to no damage to your PC. However, even the exact viruses may carry different dangers for your system. Let’s check out the threat of each of the mentioned types:
- Trojan-Downloader disables Microsoft Defender, establishes a connection with its command server, and adds itself to the Run registry key. Other changes in the registry are targeted at creating an exploitable environment. All these changes are targeted to make the system more vulnerable to further attacks. Changes in the registry may lead to system crashes.
- Trojan-Spy, Trojan-Stealer. Brother in arms, they suspend Defender on your PC and connect to several servers simultaneously. They also can modify some deep settings that are responsible for telemetry uploading. After that change, burglars who maintain the virus can receive all information about your activity hours, system configurations, and other details.
- Trojan-Ransom. Indeed, the most dangerous thing. Ransomware under the guise of something legit will surely complete its task, especially if you have no counteraction mechanism. People often underestimate the chances of getting infected with ransomware and keep moaning when they discover that their files are encrypted. Nukes your security settings, disabling both Defender and UAC, blocks access to specific sites to prevent reading the removal and decryption guides.
- Trojan-CoinMiner. Coin mining viruses can harm your computer not only in software but also in hardware. Since this sort of trojans uses your hardware for hash calculations, it may just overload some of your devices. You may find a significant amount of reports saying about the hardware failure after trojan-miner activity.
How can I understand that the program is a trojan virus?
Usually, Trojan viruses are spread as some self-made tools that an unknown programmer creates. Such applications are offered massively on various online forums or specific communities. People often trust the things posted in a subreddit they usually read, so it is pretty easy to spread the viruses through such a channel. Of course, it is quite hard to understand if it contains a virus, but the chance of such a case is much higher for the mentioned types of programs.
Another popular case is when the trojan virus is hidden inside of the well-known tool. Such tools are KMS Pico and its variations, a wide range of keygens, and other things with slightly illegal purposes. They are usually spread on websites where a lot of similar programs are offered. The program you get may have the declared functions and be just a useless shell, which releases the virus after being installed.
Is it possible to see that I have a currently active trojan virus in my PC?
In rare cases, you will detect the virus by the visible changes it does to your system. The majority of trojan viruses disables the Microsoft Defender so that you can catch the malware presence by this sign. Nonetheless, many users disable Defender manually since it consumes significant amounts of RAM and CPU capacities.
Another thing that indeed points to the virus presence is incredible performance decreasing. Such a situation may occur when you have a ransom trojan or coin mining trojan currently active. Both of these viruses use your hardware power to conduct their malicious activity, so you will likely feel it.
Nonetheless, the only method that will give you a 100% result is anti-malware software usage. A well-designed antivirus with updated databases will undoubtedly detect the running trojan virus and stop it with no problem. It is pretty easy to change the trojan so much that it will be hard to recognize for antivirus engines, so the updates of detection databases is a vital thing. GridinSoft Anti-Malware may offer you the hourly updates of databases and 24/7 support that will surely help you if something goes wrong.