Why Does My Computer Keep Freezing: Working Methods to Solve

Why Does My Computer Keep Freezing: Working Methods to Solve
What could be worse than Windows freezing at the most inconvenient moment?

As an active PC user, you have probably at least once encountered where your computer suddenly freezes while working on a project. Whether it’s a cursor hanging in place or a blue screen of death that requires a manual reboot of your computer to fix. If the answer is yes, don’t worry. Although it can be a rather frustrating problem, you can often solve it independently. The best option is to understand the possible causes of computer hangs and then take steps to prevent them. This article will inform you how to act if your computer keep freezing without obvious reasons.

Why does my computer keep freezing?

There are some reasons why your computer keep freezing or works poorly. Usually, it is a software problem, or too many apps are running on your computer simultaneously, which causes it to hang. We will not consider the option with weak hardware, where the system initially ran slowly. However, additional problems, such as a lack of hard disk space or issues with drivers, can also prevent it from working correctly. In this article, we will give you step-by-step instructions on what to do to get your computer’s performance back.

Check if your computer is entirely dead-locked

To understand if your computer is completely frozen, you can try to move the mouse cursor over the screen. If it doesn’t move, your computer is locked and requires a forced reboot. You can also try pressing the “Caps Lock” button on your keyboard. If the Caps Lock indicator lights up, it’s probably a software problem and can be solved with the Windows Task Manager. So, to do this, press Ctrl+Alt+Del and select the frozen program, then press End Task. However, if the Caps Lock indicator doesn’t work, your computer is dead-locked, and you need to restart your computer. Desktop computers may be rebooted with a button on a system unit. If you have a laptop, press the power button for ~10 seconds, forcing your computer to shut down.

Software issues that make your computer keep freezing

Software issues are the most common cause of computer freezes. At some point, the software loses control of the application or tries to run the application in a way that the Windows operating system does not recognize. This often happens when trying to run old programs in new versions of Windows or vice versa. Updating the software and the OS usually corrects the computer freezing problem. However, in some cases, reinstalling the application is the most effective way to deal with occasional software-related hangs.

Sometimes errors in running programs cause memory leaks. This happens when objects in a heap are no longer used. However, the garbage collector cannot remove them from memory; thus, they remain there unnecessarily. A memory leak is not good because it blocks memory resources and reduces system performance over time.

Malware

Computer freezes and crashes can be signs that your computer is infected. In some cases, malware loads your system by running dozens of processes in the background, consuming your computer’s RAM and causing it to freeze. It is often coin miners’ work, as it is their typical behavior – overloading the system, leaving no resources for other applications. In contrast, viruses can corrupt system files, without which the system cannot work correctly. As a result, this can cause blue screens of death. If your computer keeps freezing after rebooting, we recommend checking it for viruses with a reliable security solution.

Why Does My Computer Keep Freezing: Working Methods to Solve

Processor overheating

Because computers are susceptible to heat, a room without air conditioning on a 90-degree day can negatively affect your computer’s performance. You can tell if your computer is overheating by listening to your laptop or desktop computer’s internal fans. Suppose the cooling is running too loud or louder than usual. In that case, you should dust your computer and replace the thermal paste on the processor.

However, there is the opposite situation when the processor is warm, and the cooling does not work, i.e. fans are silent. In this case, you should carefully inspect the coolers, maybe they are faulty, or contact is lost. At best, the processor will start to throttle, and at worst, overheating can lead to a complete shutdown. Next, get some air circulation in the room and ensure the CPU vents are not clogged with dust. If the problem with the computer keep freezing is gone, that was the reason for this issue.

Multitasking

Each program on your computer requires some internal and external (hardware) resources to run. If you run multiple programs simultaneously, your computer may need more memory or processing power. Therefore, run programs only as required to reduce the chance of being short on resources. We also recommend checking the program autorun settings and disabling the autorun of unnecessary applications. This will significantly speed up the startup of your laptop. To do this, run the task manager, go to the “startup applications” tab and disable unnecessary applications.

Disable useless processes
Some programs can write themselves into the autorun without your knowledge. You can now control this.

Driver issues

Drivers directly affect the performance of your PC. If application drivers are corrupt or outdated, applications cannot appropriately interact with your computer hardware. Most modern operating systems get drivers from the Windows Update Center after installation, but drivers are rarely updated there. This is especially true for drivers for graphics adapters. For example, suppose your PC has powerful hardware but works slowly in graphics applications. In this case, we recommend downloading and installing the latest video driver from the manufacturer’s website. In most cases, this will solve the problem of poor performance in applications.

Lack of RAM

Lack of memory is often the cause of occasional freezes. Unfortunately, you cannot solve this issue programmatically. However, you can try increasing the memory dump. The easiest way to check for insufficient RAM is to run a Windows memory diagnostic. Below are the steps to update your RAM:

1. Open the Start menu and type in Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool in the search box.

Windows memdiag

2. Click on it. This will reboot your system and check out your memory. It will also notify you if it finds any problems.

Memdiag restart PC

If no errors are found, there is probably nothing wrong with the memory. Most likely, your system and applications don’t have enough RAM. Consider upgrading your PC. At the very least, try adding RAM to fix the problem. You can find out if your system has enough RAM by running Task Manager and opening the Performance tab. If your device’s RAM is more than 70% used, you should add RAM to your device.

If you have a desktop PC, everything is as simple as possible. You just need to find out what type of memory you have installed. To do this, you need to open Task Manager, go to the tab performance, and click on memory.

Task Manager RAM type
Usually, the type of memory installed is displayed here, but sometimes it is not.

If your memory type is not displayed there, use special utilities, such as AIDA64.

AIDA64 RAM info
AIDA64 interface.

If you have a laptop, google your model to find out what RAM it uses. However, not all laptops allow you to expand RAM because, in compact models, this memory is soldered onto the motherboard and is physically impossible to replace.

Hardware issues that lead to computer keep freezing

A more severe problem is a hardware issue, where a particular computer component is not working correctly or is malfunctioning. This can happen for some reasons, such as overheating or excessive dust buildup on components inside the computer. For example, as trivial as it sounds, a mouse or keyboard cord can become damaged over time, and a wireless device can have a dead battery. For the past few years, all computers have been equipped with high-speed SSD drives, but older machines have an obsolete hard disk drive. If your device has an older hard drive, we recommend replacing it with a faster SSD. This is guaranteed to give a significant performance boost to your PC. Although SSDs, if used correctly, can last quite a long time, and there will be no problems with their work, if the SSD fails, it stops working completely.

A few tips to reduce the number of computer freezes

In addition to the tips above, you can apply some of the following valuable techniques to minimize the risk of your computer freezing:

Clean up Windows temporary files

Microsoft Windows uses a cache to store temporary files to access them quickly. In addition to the fact that these files take up extra space, they can also interfere with Windows, causing performance issues. If you clear the cache folder, you can remove all unneeded files which may have been created in the past. And may have caused your OS to hang. To clear the Windows cache files, follow these steps:

1. Press Win+R and type or paste “%temp%” in the Run window to open the temporary cache folder.

Temp folder opening

2. Please select all the files with the CTRL+A key combination and then permanently delete them.

You can use the disk cleanup tool by clicking start and typing “disk cleanup” in the search box.

Disk cleanup search Computer keep freezing

In the window that opens, select the drive where the OS is installed (by default, it’s the C drive). Then, choose the types of data you want to delete in the next window. If you have very little space, you can select all of them.

Clean garbage files if computer keep freezing

Check the hard disk for malfunctions that can make the computer keep freezing.

Suppose the hard drive’s response speed is not up to standard. In that case, Windows may not be able to access it at the necessary rate, and this causes the hard drive to freeze between access intervals. In addition, fragmentation errors may occur on the hard drive due to a PC crash or abnormal termination. Windows has a built-in tool to help you identify and fix disk problems. To do this, follow these steps:

1. Right-click Start and select Terminal (Administrator).

CMD admin if computer keep freezing

2. Type or paste “chkdsk” at the command prompt and press Enter.

Chkdisk command prompt

This will start checking your hard drive for malfunctions using the Windows command line. Sometimes Windows will need to reboot to complete the check. When the utility finishes, it will notify you of any disk errors.

Run Defragmentation

Defragmentation is reorganizing the data stored on your hard drive so that pieces of data line up continuously. It picks up all the parts of data that are scattered across your HDD and puts them back together in an orderly, neat, and clean fashion. To do so:

1. Open This Computer
2. Right-click on the desired drive and choose Properties.

Disk drives list

3. Click the Tools tab.
4. Click Optimize

Disk defrag

5. When the window appears, click Optimize.

Defrag disks computer keep freezing

As a result, defragmentation increases your computer’s performance by reducing the time it takes to access data and allows you to use your storage more efficiently.

Run the system file checker

Sometimes Windows keeps freezing due to corrupted or missing system files. Fortunately, the OS has a system file checker that should help you restore the original files. With any luck, it will automatically fix your problem. To use this tool, run the command line as administrator and type or paste the following command: “sfc/scannow“.

Command prompt search

Windows will scan its files, and if it finds a corrupt or missing file, Windows will try to fix it automatically.

Command prompt sfc scannow

No matter how well you maintain your computer, all systems hang at some point. It could simply be a problem with the operating system, as happened with the 2017 Windows 10 update. However, understanding what causes your computer to hang can help you prevent problems and troubleshoot problems in the future. We hope that the methods described above have helped you to solve the Windows freeze problem so that you can get back to using your device comfortably. Suppose none of the above solutions did help to solve the problem with your computer freezing. In that case, your computer likely has a hardware problem that requires further investigation. In this case, you can apply to the service center, where qualified specialists will be able to find and fix the problem.

By Stephanie Adlam

I write about how to make your Internet browsing comfortable and safe. The modern digital world is worth being a part of, and I want to show you how to do it properly.

View all of Stephanie Adlam's posts.

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