How to Browse the Web Securely: Stay Safe Online

How to Browse the Web Securely: Stay Safe Online
Online security should be the point of concern for every user

Web browsers are invaluable tools for users and make up a huge portion of our daily time spent in the digital world. Unfortunately, they hold many personal files and information, making them a desirable target for cybercriminals. Threat actors could attempt to access a person’s computer or other computers on the network it is connected to, using attacks launched through web browsers. This article will tell you about what threats you can face on the Internet and how to keep your privacy using different resources in the network.

Top browser threats

There are different threats with different purposes. Some are explicitly aimed at the browser, others at something else. Here is a list of common threats:

The exploitation of vulnerabilities in any extensions, plugins, and browsers you install. This tactic is widely used to obtain confidential data or to distribute additional malware. These threats are presented under the guise of phishing emails or visits to sites that a hacker controls. Another tactic may be the XSS attack, which sometimes belongs not only to the websites’ flaws, but also on browser vulnerabilities.

Malicious plugins: Plugins are used to improve the performance of the Internet. However, they also have privileged access to the browser. Thus, malicious plugins under the guise of legitimate ones can be distributed to download additional malware or to steal user data.

DNS poisoning: DNS is a computer system that retrieves information about domains that it converts into IP addresses so that browsers display the site users want to visit. But attacks on DNS kb records on DNS servers may allow hackers to redirect the browser to malicious domains like phishing sites.

Session hijacking: If attackers can steal session IDs (if they are not encrypted), they could log into the same websites and apps that the user did, pretending to be the user. They could then steal sensitive information and even financial details. Websites and app servers give out session IDs when users log in.

Man-in-the-middle/browser attack: Intruders can send a user to a phishing site via a page with a request for authorization in the web browser. If hackers control the router through which the victim is connected to the network, it will be much easier to do so.

Web app exploitation: Malicious code can attack apps on your computer rather than the browser, but the browser is used to run the code. Such attack is also actual for the apps that use the browser tab rendering inside of the app window to display the user interface.

How to browse the Web more securely?

To reduce the risks of confidential data loss and malicious content distribution, users can take the following steps:

1. Don’t share your personal information

The first thing to note about network security is preserving your data from third parties. Users should understand who they are sharing their bank details, passwords, insurance numbers, and more. The theft of confidential data is not the primary purpose of fraudsters, but if you get it, intruders can compromise you or sell this information to third parties. In either case, users risk losing the integrity of their privacy.

2. Keep your browser and plugins updated

Remove all old plugins to reduce the risk of exploiting vulnerabilities. All browser and plugin updates are designed to increase the level of protection against new system intrusion methods.

3. Only visit HTTPS sites

Pay attention to the top of your web browser whenever you visit a website. His address bar should read “HTTPS”. Also, note the lock symbol at the beginning of the browser address bar; it shows that the connection is protected. In the dialogue window that appears after clicking on that lock, you’ll see the information about the certificate issuer and date of expiration.

Secured connection
Lock in the left part of URL bar is a sign of secured connection

4. Be “phishing aware

Be careful what opens in your email. For example, do not click on links and attached forms in an email whose sender you do not know. These links may carry malicious content, and the forms will attempt to retrieve all your personal information.

Extension spoofing strikes Spanish-speaking countries
Phishing email that aims to install malware on your PC

5. Think before downloading

Before downloading the application or program, verify the authenticity of the site from which you want to download it. If you doubt the site’s authenticity because of its illiteracy or for some other reason, then go to the sources familiar to you and download from there all that you need.

6. Create and use complex passwords

Complex and reliable passwords are another way to protect yourself from unwanted pests. Create a password with at least 12 characters and use lower case and upper case letters; you can also include different types of surfaces. Average-difficulty passwords are easier to crack. This is because they can be in the password dictionary that the attacker uses to attack successfully.

7. Use antivirus and antimalware software

Using reliable security is another good additional layer of protection for your data and your entire system. GridinSoft Anti-Malware will be a good help for you when using different browsers. It is designed to scan your system and online activities continuously. This protection will alert you to a potential threat if a malicious site or program is detected. GridinSoft Anti-Malware is also designed to remove all malware from your PC.

By Stephanie Adlam

I write about how to make your Internet browsing comfortable and safe. The modern digital world is worth being a part of, and I want to show you how to do it properly.

View all of Stephanie Adlam's posts.

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